Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2012 in the subject Economics - Case Scenarios, grade: B, University of Leeds, language: English, abstract: The economic condition of a country is determined by both the factors that are out of the managing capacity of its governing body and directly implemented macroeconomic policy. The main purpose of this study is to assess and describe current economic situation of Australia and the macroeconomic strategies implemented by the government to endeavour and uphold a level of sustainable development. This study reveals that the Reserve Bank Australia’s (RBA) wants to maintain the present currency rate at 4.5%. The study also delineates the present relative steadiness of the Australian economy and present macroeconomic position as motivating. Australia has reached a verge of using fiscal policy to alleviate the macroeconomic effects of the Global Financial Crisis. Since the debt of Australia is very small in comparison to the international standard, the country could well afford to do the job. “Even after several years of sizeable fiscal deficits, the net federal debt is still less than 10 per cent of GDP” (Weber 2012, p. 3). The essential characteristic of a well-organised fiscal system is its capability to guide and direct funds from depositors to borrowers. Banks and deposit takers offer this function, allowing deposits and granting the debt into investment markets. Offering this loan to borrowers, they function typically at longer maturities. In this process of effective financial intermediation, depositors and other borrowers should have a satisfactory degree of confidence that their money is safe.